Vitamin B12 Urine Odor

Urine odor: There are many reasons that urine may have an odor. It helps to produce energy, red blood cells, and DNA, and it supports neurocognitive health. vitamin B12 A cobalt‐containing compound, cobalamin, essential for normal metabolism of folic acid, and hence for cell division. Vitamins tend to dissolve in either fat or water before they are absorbed by the body. Vitamin B Complex is a term used while referring to a whole group or family of important water-soluble vitamins. Vitamin B12 is a member of the water-soluble vitamins of the B complex group. Vitamin B6. Answers (1) ST. Affected dogs may show little interest in activities such as playing or going for walks. The average vitamin B12 level in the breast milk of women with. Urine is the combination of excess fluid and waste materials that your body produces in your kidneys and releases through your bladder and urethra. B12 dosage for cats – oral and B12 shots for cats. Vitamin B complex helps you maintain healthy nervous and neural systems. Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause severe irreversible damage to the brain and nervous system, if the blood levels go down to its lowest limits. It is also concerned with the making of the DNA found in all the. The presence of vitamins and other supplements can lead to oily urine, especially when there is excessive vitamin consumption. Collect the urine in a clean cup or container. Vitamin B12 is water-soluble, released in your urine if you’ve consumed too much. Specimens can be obtained by normal emptying of the bladder (voiding) or by a hospital procedure called catheterization. Foods that can increase B-12 levels include red meats, shellfish, fish, dairy, and cereals fortified with the vitamin. Detection and isolation of formiminoglutamic acid from urine in folic acid deficiency in humans. Vitamin B12, also known by the scientific name cobalamin, is water-soluble. There are many symptoms of vitamin D toxicity, and among them is. The decomposition of urine begins in 30 minutes at room temperature and 4 hours in refrigeration. This is a harmless 2. For you, the bright yellow color of your urine is almost certainly attributable to excess vitamin B2. Vitamin D: Oral 2000 to 3000 IU/Day for 6 weeks. This test measures the amount of a substance called methylmalonic acid (MMA) in your urine. Other signs Dr. Qualitative urinary findings are often analyzed on urinalysis and urine culture. B-6 supplements can also give urine a strong odor. A low level indicates high chances of neurological disorder. Bright yellow urine is a sign of excess B-vitamins in the body, including B-2 and B-12, although this condition is harmless. Food Vitamin B12 is naturally present in foods of animal origin, including fish, meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products []. There is bicarbonate in the interstitial fluid (lymphatics). What are the symptoms, fatigue, unusual color or odor to urine, loss of appetite, pain, frequent urination, changes to skin color, just a wide array of things. Simply put, our bodies can store fat soluble vitamins (A, D, E and K) and needs water soluble vitamins like the B complex (except B12) and C to be replenished every day as they are excreted by Urine or by dialysis. The B vitamins are widely distributed in foods, and their influence is felt in many parts of the body. Vitamin B12, or cyanocobalamin, is a nutrient the body needs for important functions such as making DNA in cells and forming red blood cells. Too much vitamin B1 (thiamine) can make your pee smell like fish. It is very hard to overdose on vitamin B12, but you can put a moderate strain on your kidney if excess consumption occurs too often. Vitamin B-1 has a mild diuretic effect, which reduces the concentration of waste excreted in urine. Edit: Autism as an insult was insensitive. Additionally, this species of fish is also rich in omega-3 fatty acids. When a B12 deficiency is. This is the synthetic version of vitamin B12 used in supplements and in the B12 shot. Vitamin B12 comes as oral tablets (or capsules), crystalline solution, and intranasal forms with different concentrations or amounts of cobalamin content. Peripheral neuropathy (diabetic, alcoholic, and drug induced) Interactions for Vit B12 N/A Typical Dosage for Vit B12 I. #SpoonTip: Don't be alarmed if your urine turns neon yellow after taking a B vitamin supplement. It plays a vital role in the metabolism of protein, fats and carbohydrates. I developed signs of histamine intolerance (itchy, flushed skin on my neckline and cheeks after meals), but substituting diamine oxidase, or following a low histamine diet did not help. B-6 supplements can also give urine a strong odor. There are a few ways to consume vitamin B12:. Vitamin B12 is generally well-tolerated, even in doses well above the recommended dietary allowance (RDA), which is 2. If you are on Vitamin supplements especially Vitamin B supplements urine can have a strong odor. Vitamin C is an excellent natural remedy for many different health problems. Pernicious Anemia occurs when pets are unable to absorb sufficient vitamin B12 from their dietary food sources and therefore require intramuscular injections to aid absorption. Vitamin B12 is a water soluble vitamin that is excreted through urine when you consume too much. You may also experience changes in urine odor if you are not drinking enough water. Make a tent out of the skin at your cat’s scruff. Soon after taking vitamin B, or a multivitamin high in this vitamin, your urine will be a bright yellow or even green in color. For the Consumer. When too much vitamin D is in the body, this is known as vitamin D toxicity or hypervitaminosis D, per Google Health. Most individuals get enough vitamin B12 with a balanced diet. This is very normal, and happens to most people on B12. Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin that is naturally present in some foods, added to others, and available as a dietary supplement and a prescription medication. Asparagus is known to give urine more of an ammonia smell. Humans do not make their own vitamin C, as many animals do. Homocysteine in turn is associated with inflammation. Signs of anemia in dogs are lack of energy and lethargy. vitamin B12 A cobalt‐containing compound, cobalamin, essential for normal metabolism of folic acid, and hence for cell division. Because vitamin C makes it all the way to the urine, it’s believed to have the ability to act directly on the pathogens that cause UTI. Integrative medicine is a collaboration of safe and effective therapies from conventional and complementary medicine. The urine may also be stronger in odor. Because vitamin C makes it all the way to the urine, it's believed to have the ability to act directly on the pathogens that cause UTI. Also, those who suffer from ch. Vitamin C is considered safe, even in the large doses often found in dietary supplements. Pescatore added that for many healthy individuals, water-soluble vitamins like vitamin C only lead to "expensive urine. ) Beta carotene is the form of vitamin A that is derived. Mild side effects of diarrhea and swelling can occur. Improvement in strength & reduced pain over weeks to months. Fish odor syndrome or trimethylaminuria is a condition characterized by a fishy body odor that is released in the sweat, urine, breath and reproductive fluids due to excessive excretion of trimethylamine. Speaking of urinary tract. Here I'm going to explain the benefits of vitamin B12 for hepatitis C. Most of the B12 deficiency cases are actually the cases of lack of absorption because the ability of Vitamin B12 absorption gradually decreases for people above 40 years age. VITAMIN B12 deficiency: Vitamin B12 is an essential nutrient that the body absorbs through eating certain foods. Product should be stored away from moisture to prevent discoloration. Vitamin B12 can affect your red blood cell count, and can even lead to neurological symptoms in severe cases. The only reliable food sources of B12 are animal products — meat, fish, eggs, and dairy. , sequence) that the body needs in small amounts to function and stay healthy. This section will examine how excess vitamin consumption, chyle, starvation, dehydration, pregnancy, and ketones in the urine can all contribute to oily urine. Maybe its not the choline. If you are a strict vegetarian, you may be at higher risk for a B12 deficiency. B12 Vit may not cure. Ergocalciferol: Oral (50,000 U 1x/week x6) or IM. For a long time I identified this smell as diabetic urine. Antioxidants are substances that might protect your cells against the effects of free radicals — molecules produced when your body breaks down food or is exposed to tobacco smoke and radiation. Similar bright yellow pee caused by the color pigment of riboflavin (vitamin B2), the red discoloration found in B12 urine is from the red pigmentation of hydroxocobalamin. Considering taking a vitamin or supplement to treat Urinary-Odor? Below is a list of common natural remedies used to treat or reduce the symptoms of Urinary-Odor. Vitamin B12 is a water soluble vitamin, which means your body absorbs what it needs and the rest is released into the urine as you do not require it! This make the urine often a distinctive yellow color,and strong smelling, almost mediciney, or fruity. Large doses of folic acid—the vitamin all pregnant women need to take to prevent neural tube defects in their babies—can mask a B12 deficiency. Vitamin C is considered safe, even in the large doses often found in dietary supplements. Fish odor syndrome or trimethylaminuria is a condition characterized by a fishy body odor that is released in the sweat, urine, breath, and reproductive fluids due to excessive excretion of trimethylamine. Why might vitamin E be effective in reducing underarm odor? prevents sweating. All animals require pantothenic acid in order to synthesize coenzyme A (CoA) – essential for fatty acid metabolism – as well as to in general synthesize and metabolize proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. Since vitamin B12 is water soluble, it can leave the body quickly when one urinates (vitamin B12 will make the urine bright yellow). The urine tests can be a bit tricky because Mg levels fluctuates throughout the day but you can try the Magnesium serum test. Orange color urine was also observed in Citrobacter infection cases before. Buy LabCorp: $229. Excess Vitamin Consumption. Postmarketing reports: Anorexia, cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12) deficiency, hypoglycemia. Once you reach age 50 or so, it becomes increasingly difficult to absorb B12 from food. It's normal for one of them to turn your urine yellow but I've never had an issue with the smell. Common causes of smelly pee. The urine may also be stronger in odor. Also known as riboflavin, this vitamin is naturally yellow and becomes fluorescent when it comes into contact with UV light. “Vitamin B12 deficiency can potentially cause severe and irreversible damage, especially to the brain and nervous system […] especially in elderly people (over age 60) who produce less stomach acid as they age, thereby increasing their probability of B12 deficiencies. Taking a B12 supplement, vitamin B complex or a multivitamin containing vitamin B12 will often turn urine dark yellow or orange. Turn the bottle of B12 upside down, insert the clean needle into the rubber seal and withdraw the required dosage. Water-soluble vitamins are the likely culprits responsible for causing pee to smell different. Vitamin B12 helps make red blood cells, Dna, RNA, energy, and tissues, and keeps nervus (i. excretion in the urine. Pernicious anemia is an autoimmune condition which occurs as a result of the destruction of the lining of the stomach. Ca ++ supplementation: > 1 g/day. Sun A-l, Ni Y-h, Li X-b, et al. Chemical Reaction. While vitamin B-12 deficiency can cause constipation, nerve problems and megaloblastic anemia. Vitamin C is commonly suggested for colds, but benefits include joint, muscle problems, and heart issues. Common causes of smelly urine include: Concentrated. It is created by eHealthMe based on reports of 107,012 people who have side effects when taking Eliquis from the FDA, and is updated regularly. Vitamin B12. Symptoms of Candida can include a thick white discharge, itching or irritation in the genital area, a yeasty odor, and bloating. 1%): Interstitial nephritis. Pantothenic acid, also called vitamin B 5 is a water-soluble B vitamin and therefore an essential nutrient. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Vitamin B12. You don't have to take "too many" vitamins for your urine to smell different. Randy Baker answered. The RDA for vitamin B12 (cobalamine) is 2. Taking B-vitamin supplements can lead to urine of this color. The decomposition of urine begins in 30 minutes at room temperature and 4 hours in refrigeration. It is very hard to overdose on vitamin B12, but you can put a moderate strain on your kidney if excess consumption occurs too often. The human body does not store cobalamin. Vitamin B-6 is critical in protein and fat digestion, and activates many enzymes to break down and assimilate amino acids and essential fatty acids. Usual Pediatric Dose for B12 Nutritional Deficiency. The B vitamins are widely distributed in foods, and their influence is felt in many parts of the body. Foods that contain lots of vitamin B-6 can cause urine to smell strongly if you eat enough of it. Finally, the concentration of serum or urine methylmalonic acid can be used to indicate the level of this vitamin in these pets. Vit B6 and B12) Excreted via urine Preservation of Vitamins Decreased vitamin content Improper storage Excessive cooking Exposure to light, heat, water, alkalinity. Other signs Dr Thornber notes of someone taking too. How long does it take for a blackened eye to heal and Glaucoma treatment know what to expect once you are diagnosed Our expert Dr Prakash Nayak talks about the various treatment options for glaucoma. txt) or view presentation slides online. Vitamin D: Oral 2000 to 3000 IU/Day for 6 weeks. WebMD Symptom Checker helps you find the most common medical conditions indicated by the symptoms change in stools, cloudy urine with strong odor, fatigue and inability to care for self including Dietary changes, Urinary tract infection (UTI), and Depression (Adult). All animals require pantothenic acid in order to synthesize coenzyme A (CoA) – essential for fatty acid metabolism – as well as to in general synthesize and metabolize proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. Asparagus is an excellent source of vitamin K, folate, copper, selenium, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin C, and vitamin E. Choline is found in B-Complex supplements. Folic Acid (Folates) The Beta Carotene (Carotene) test measures levels of Carotene, a fat soluble nutrient that is a precursor to vitamin A. ” (A study published in the journal Frontiers in Physiology suggests that in cancer patients with low vitamin levels depleted by chemotherapy, vitamin IV delivery may be beneficial. Vitamin B12 is water-soluble, released in your urine if you've consumed too much. Because of this, it is generally well-tolerated and rarely reaches toxic levels due to diet. pdf), Text File (. Clarity (turbidity): clear is normal; bacteria, blood, mucus, crystals can produce cloudy urine. In moderate deficiency, soreness of the tongue, apthous ulcers, breathlessness, jaundice, hair fall and severe. It is also concerned with the making of the DNA found in all the. Please note this is not the most accurate test. Mg blood levels stand at 1%, When Mg levels drop in the blood, the body will find a way to replenish this even if it means drawing Mg from the bones/cells. Welcome to HCM. In such cases it may be best for you to change brands. No: B1 and b2 have a strong odor that is not particularly pleasant (and can make your urine have that odor) whereas B12 does not have any odor. IV vitamin therapy "cocktails" also often contain significant levels of the water soluble vitamins C and B. Food Vitamin B12 is naturally present in foods of animal origin, including fish, meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products []. The "methyl" portion is extra carbon and hydrogen. One symptom which could occur in someone with a vitamin B12 deficiency is loss of smell - not being able to smell anything. High blood sugar: This condition causes a strong, sweet smell to the. pdf), Text File (. Shop online forPet Care, NaturVet items, health and wellness products at discount prices. Wellwoman is the original vitamin developed just for women and has been formulated for the demands of modern life and to give support to the areas of health which are of most relevance to women. The only reliable food sources of B12 are animal products — meat, fish, eggs, and dairy. Vitamin B12. Adverse Reactions to Vitamin B12 Shots. Vitamin D 25-Hydroxy. Fish odor syndrome or trimethylaminuria is a condition characterized by a fishy body odor that is released in the sweat, urine, breath, and reproductive fluids due to excessive excretion of trimethylamine. Laboratory. Symptoms and Signs of Foamy Urine. Peripheral neuropathy has a variety of systemic, metabolic, and toxic causes. A lesser-known (and less poetic) corollary is that urine is a window to your diet and health. In primary schools, the children to seek permission, during class session, to go out for urination, they show their little finger. B12 Injection 5000 is a sterile injectable solution of vitamin B12 cyanocobalamin, containing 5000 mcg per mL. Put simply: More doesn't. Also known as riboflavin, this vitamin is naturally yellow and becomes fluorescent when it comes into contact with UV light. Hypercobalaminemia is the medical term for having high serum vitamin B12 levels. Survival of WBCs is decreased by low osmolality, alkalinity, and lack of refrigeration. Vitamin B12, like other B vitamins, is water-soluble, which means that this vitamin is dissolved in water and transferred to the bloodstream. Vitamin B12, also known by the scientific name cobalamin, is water-soluble. All animals require pantothenic acid in order to synthesize coenzyme A (CoA) – essential for fatty acid metabolism – as well as to in general synthesize and metabolize proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. No: B1 and b2 have a strong odor that is not particularly pleasant (and can make your urine have that odor) whereas B12 does not have any odor. Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) deficiency is a common cause of macrocytic anemia and has been implicated in a spectrum of neuropsychiatric disorders. The RDA for vitamin B12 (cobalamine) is 2. some medicines. Kaaki says vitamin B and vitamin D can cause a similar smell. MOST B vitamins are water soluble, and this is the case with vitamin B2, or riboflavin. B12 is a water-soluble vitamin with a key role in the normal functioning of the brain,nervous system and for the formation of blood. Vitamin B12 is used as a supplement when there is a deficiency of vitamin B12 in the body, usually due to intestinal disease. Dr Thornber said one of the signs of too much vitamin B12 is urine discolouration. The B vitamin most likely to cause the neon yellow color in your urine is vitamin B2, not B12. This is because of the yellow coloring in over-the-counter supplements that your body excretes. Its young shoots are used as a spring vegetable. Namely, the vitamin B12 deficiency caused nerve damage in the form of peripheral neuropathy, or impaired sense of feeling in his hands and feet as well as impairing his sense of smell. Vitamin B-6 is critical in protein and fat digestion, and activates many enzymes to break down and assimilate amino acids and essential fatty acids. Changes in urine odor can also be caused by diet, vitamins or medication. Dehydration makes urine stronger, which can result in an increase in odor. Vitamin B12 deficiency, also called cobalamin deficiency, is a medical condition of low B12 levels in the blood. B12 allows you to absorb vitamin A, activates iron in the body, supports the nervous system and helps in the formation of red blood cells. A high vitamin b12 level (>800 pg/mL) often indicates an issue pertaining to the liver or the kidneys. Vitamin B12 is a water soluble vitamin, which means your body absorbs what it needs and the rest is released into the urine as you do not require it! This make the urine often a distinctive yellow color,and strong smelling, almost mediciney, or fruity. However, it is available as a supplement as well. Poor nutrition is usually the cause. How long does it take for a blackened eye to heal and Glaucoma treatment know what to expect once you are diagnosed Our expert Dr Prakash Nayak talks about the various treatment options for glaucoma. Asparagus, or garden asparagus, folk name sparrow grass, scientific name Asparagus officinalis, is a perennial flowering plant species in the genus Asparagus. While excess vitamin B won't necessarily cause frequent or increased urine output, it will cause a change in the urine itself. Vitamin D 25-Hydroxy. In mild deficiency, a person may feel tired and have a reduced number of red blood cells (anemia). Lipotropic injections change the function. Sweet-smelling urine typically indicates the presence of sugar or glucose. Medications change urine color and odor too. Foods that can increase B-12 levels include red meats, shellfish, fish, dairy, and cereals fortified with the vitamin. The average vitamin B12 level in the breast milk of women with. Smelly Urine? - b12 and smelly urine Recently I've noticed that my urine a bad odor, it has I think I have a bladder infection Since I need to urinate often and burns Could it be the cause of my smelly urine? But I've read that the smell of vitamins, your urine I'm taking cod liver oil Vitamins and Minerals It contains Vitamin A, B6 and B12 and C. My B100 has 400mcg of Folic Acid, B12 (cyanocobalamin) 100mcg and 100mg Niacin (among the other B vitamins). B Vitamin Deficiency: Symptoms and Causes of Low Vitamin B Levels. Fish odor syndrome or trimethylaminuria is a condition characterized by a fishy body odor that is released in the sweat, urine, breath, and reproductive fluids due to excessive excretion of trimethylamine. Is that what you would like to know? I am trying to figure out why a drug would not be okay for vegetarians unless you are referring to reduced protein intake or perhaps a lack of vitamin B12. Thus, vitamin B12 status affects the metabolism of choline and its derivatives, and the synthesis of the purines and pyrimidines, components of DNA and RNA. Pescatore added that for many healthy individuals, water-soluble vitamins like vitamin C only lead to “expensive urine. Urine odor abnormal is found among people who take Eliquis, especially for people who are female, 60+ old. Vitamin B12, also known as Cobalamin or cyanocobalamin, is an essential nutrient involved in the functioning of the body. Urine is a fluid produced by humans through the kidney, collected in the bladder, and excreted through the genital urethra. When a person has too little, they are at risk for heart. prevents oxidation of lipids. Buy Taurine, Amino Acids and Sports Nutrition from HealthyPlanetCanada. absorbs liquids. It is also concerned with the making of the DNA found in all the. Vitamin K & Blood Thinners. Animal Feed Additive Vitamin B12 Methylcobalamin Powder , Find Complete Details about Animal Feed Additive Vitamin B12 Methylcobalamin Powder,Methylcobalamin,Methylcobalamin Powder,Vitamin B12 Methylcobalamin from Feed Grade Vitamins Supplier or Manufacturer-Landy Enterprise Limited. Kielb says. Megadoses of vitamin C taken with aspirin or sulfonamides may cause crystal formation in the urine called _____ False negative, false positive Excessive doses of vitamin C an cause a ______ occult stool result and a _______ sugar result in the urine. Although, vitamins E and A may help maintain healthy skin and bacteria on the skin and contribute to a reduction in smell. WebMD Symptom Checker helps you find the most common medical conditions indicated by the symptoms cloudy urine with strong odor, numbness or tingling (fingers), numbness or tingling (toes) and pain. Trimethylamine has been described as smelling like rotting fish, rotting eggs, garbage, or urine. Sun A-l, Ni Y-h, Li X-b, et al. Otherwise, it's clear, not cloudy, yellow. While many factors can influence those symptoms, if you haven. Indications for Vit B12 1. Complete Urine Analysis The volume of urine: It is 600 to 2500 ml /24 hours, and the average volume is 1200 ml/24 hours. Vitamin B12 is found almost exclusively in animal tissues, including foods like beef and beef liver, lamb, snapper, venison, salmon, shrimp, scallops, poultry and eggs. Dehydration, some vitamins, and some medications can give urine an unpleasant odor. 300 depending on the factors of city, quality and availablity. Vit B6 and B12) Excreted via urine Preservation of Vitamins Decreased vitamin content Improper storage Excessive cooking Exposure to light, heat, water, alkalinity. Too much of a good thing is possible, especially in terms of vitamin D, which can result in oily urine. Firstly, supplements are largely excreted in urine as they are eliminated or pass through your system unused. Symptoms of vitamin D deficiency include bone pain, muscle weakness, fatigue, and mood changes, according to the Cleveland Clinic. Do increase your daily intake of water to around 8-10 glasses a day and see if the smell decreases. Taking a B12 supplement, vitamin B complex or a multivitamin containing vitamin B12 will often turn urine dark yellow or orange. Sun A-l, Ni Y-h, Li X-b, et al. Not only does this give your urine a strange “multivitamin pill” odor, but it can also turn your urine a fluorescent green or greenish-yellow hue. Some people may experience side effects from taking very high doses of vitamin B12 or receiving B12 injections above the vitamin B12 dosage recommendations. For this reason, a vitamin B12 overdose is unlikely. Sulfa drugs treat a wide number of conditions, including:. I take 5000iu/day and it’s still not enough. The phase IV clinical study analyzes which people take Eliquis and have Urine odor abnormal. Neither the color change or odor change, if caused by healthy doses of vitamin B, warrant concern. Please note this is not the most accurate test. Mild side effects of diarrhea and swelling can occur. People claim it is a strange odor affecting their body odor and urine. Foods that can increase B-12 levels include red meats, shellfish, fish, dairy, and cereals fortified with the vitamin. Animal products, such as meat, milk and eggs contain vital vitamin B12. While vitamin B-12 deficiency can cause constipation, nerve problems and megaloblastic anemia. The urine may also be stronger in odor. Similar bright yellow pee caused by the color pigment of riboflavin (vitamin B2), the red discoloration found in B12 urine is from the red pigmentation of hydroxocobalamin. Taking a B12 supplement, vitamin B complex or a multivitamin containing vitamin B12 will often turn urine dark yellow or orange. 05 to 3 mcg daily. Asparagus is an excellent source of vitamin K, folate, copper, selenium, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin C, and vitamin E. Multi Vitamins like Centrum, have small doses of each vitamin and mineral that you need to get your day started ^_^. Vitamin B12 is found almost exclusively in animal tissues, including foods like beef and beef liver, lamb, snapper, venison, salmon, shrimp, scallops, poultry and eggs. " (A study published in the journal Frontiers in Physiology suggests that in cancer patients with low vitamin levels depleted by chemotherapy, vitamin IV delivery may be beneficial. Vitamin d urine smell Does vitamin d cause cloudy urine Vitamin d and stinging with urination Vitamin d deficiency ayurveda Urine odor related to vitamin d Download Here Free HealthCareMagic App to Ask a Doctor. Changes in urine odor can also be caused by diet, vitamins or medication. Urine is the combination of excess fluid and waste materials that your body produces in your kidneys and releases through your bladder and urethra. The good news is that these vitamin-induced urine smells are harmless, so you can keep taking your daily vitamin supplements. Vitamin B12 is a water soluble vitamin that is excreted through urine when you consume too much. Maybe its not the choline. Humans do not make their own vitamin C, as many animals do. Urine odor abnormal is found among people who take Eliquis, especially for people who are female, 60+ old. Vitamin D, 25-Hydroxy Urine. Kaaki says medication from the sulfa drug group can also cause your urine to smell bad. Qualitative urinary findings are often analyzed on urinalysis and urine culture. Vitamin supplements are only really necessary when people have deficiencies, and although most times excessive vitamins are excreted in urine, sometimes taking too much of a good thing can prove fatal. No: B1 and b2 have a strong odor that is not particularly pleasant (and can make your urine have that odor) whereas B12 does not have any odor. The neon color is not something you need to be concerned with. Smelly urine does not always stem from a health condition. Feb 2, 2018 - Many people do not pay enough attention to their vitamin B12 intake. The taste and smell of many vitamin supplements can be unpleasant to some people. Asparagus, or garden asparagus, folk name sparrow grass, scientific name Asparagus officinalis, is a perennial flowering plant species in the genus Asparagus. Your provider will prescribe these if necessary. It keeps the body's nerves and blood cells healthy and helps make DNA, the genetic. What Does Vitamin B12 Do? Your cells use vitamin B12 to release energy from carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Vitamin B12 and liver health. B Vitamin Deficiency: Symptoms and Causes of Low Vitamin B Levels. This is a harmless 2. com/ http://literaturereviews. Running one of the largest drug safety studies in the world, eHealthMe. unusual tiredness or weakness. Water soluble Generally lost from body (ex. Foul Body Odor & Unusual Body Odor & Vitamin B12 Deficiency Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Isovaleric Acidemia. Survival of WBCs is decreased by low osmolality, alkalinity, and lack of refrigeration. Vitamin B6. Consider taking this vitamin twice per day to help keep blood levels optimal. Change in stools, Cloudy urine with strong odor, Fatigue and Inability to care for self. In fact, studies show that for those who are deficient in the nutrient, taking up to 2,000 micrograms per day is safe. However B-vitamins will give urine a bright yellow colour and vitamin B6 and certain veg like asparagus can cause your urine to smell. Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin, so if you consume too much, your body should be able to flush it out through urine. Get a low-concentration product like vitamin B-complex 25 or 50mg. Click to see full answer. Normally, diluted urine has little to no odor. If you have low vitamin b12 (< 200 pg/mL), it would mean that you have – vitamin b12 deficiency, pernicious anemia, or an overactive thyroid. 25 to 2000 mcg orally daily. Animal Feed Additive Vitamin B12 Methylcobalamin Powder , Find Complete Details about Animal Feed Additive Vitamin B12 Methylcobalamin Powder,Methylcobalamin,Methylcobalamin Powder,Vitamin B12 Methylcobalamin from Feed Grade Vitamins Supplier or Manufacturer-Landy Enterprise Limited. If the amount ingested is not sufficient, the body's B12 storages empty up: the deficiency manifests itself in very different symptoms. Instead, a B12 deficiency usually occurs because an individual can’t absorb the vitamin from food. * Adequate Intake (AI) Sources of Vitamin B12. A distortion in results is only possible here with certain rare hereditary diseases, serious nutritional deficiencies and a rare bacterial overgrowth in the intestinal tract. byproducts from coffee after it gets broken down in your body). But if you take supplements, you might ingest more than your body needs. Any excess or unwanted amounts are excreted through urine. If your pee is too pale to detect the color, it means you're over-hydrated. This is because it contains vitamin B6. Less common causes of funny-smelling urine are rare genetic conditions. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search. Vitamin D Toxicity. Choline / ˈ k ə ʊ l iː n / is an essential nutrient for humans and many other animals. Extra vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) can give it a strong odor. It is very hard to overdose on vitamin B12. I developed signs of histamine intolerance (itchy, flushed skin on my neckline and cheeks after meals), but substituting diamine oxidase, or following a low histamine diet did not help. Although no evidence correlates B12 injections and changes in odor, vitamin B12 does have a connection to smell. Vitamin B12 (cobalamins), with folate, is necessary for the formation and maturation of red blood cells and the synthesis of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid), which is the genetic material of cells. It has Vitamin D to enhance absorption of Calcium. Read on to learn more about what causes oily urine and the potential diseases associated with it. doctors in 147 specialties are here to answer your questions or offer you advice, prescriptions, and more. Vitamin supplements are only really necessary when people have deficiencies, and although most times excessive vitamins are excreted in urine, sometimes taking too much of a good thing can prove fatal. Nutritional deficiencies (particularly in vegans)-vitamin B12, zinc, iron, calcium, vitamin D, and protein Define complete, incomplete and complementary proteins. If a diagnosis of vitamin B12 deficiency or anaemia is confirmed, treating the condition is relatively straightforward and involves taking regular vitamin B12 supplements in the form of. #SpoonTip: Don't be alarmed if your urine turns neon yellow after taking a B vitamin supplement. The human body can store this vitamin for up to 4 years, and extra this Vitamin through Urine is excreted. I also had organic and amino acids done in 2012 and they were all in the normal range. Urine odor abnormal is found among people who take Eliquis, especially for people who are female, 60+ old. B12 vitamin supplements seem to have the same effect and I wonder. Only a small amount is needed to balance the diet. With further time with no diagnosis made, you may get confused; have cognitive impairment, paranoia, delusions, mania, psychosis, memory loss, incontinence when passing urine and loss of taste and smell. Liver disease can cause B vitamin deficiencies, mostly due to poor diet. Unabsorbed B12 from the intestine always passes through urine and might give some typical smell. One symptom which could occur in someone with a vitamin B12 deficiency is loss of smell - not being able to smell anything. According to statistics, about 40% of North Americans suffer from vitamin B12 deficiency. It could have been worse—a severe vitamin B 12 deficiency can lead to deep depression, paranoia and delusions, memory loss, incontinence, loss of taste and smell, and more. Vitamin B-6 is critical in protein and fat digestion, and activates many enzymes to break down and assimilate amino acids and essential fatty acids. B12 dosage for cats – oral and B12 shots for cats. You want to inject right in that tent so the needle will be going into an air pocket between the skin and the muscle. Vitamins B6, B12, and folic acid metabolize amino acids (the building blocks of proteins) and help cells multiply. It is synthesised in enterocytes and, through receptor mediated endocytosis, is responsible for uptake of vitamin B 12 from the ileum into the blood as well as into other cells. 4 – 3 mcg/day), it is required to form DNA, make healthy blood cells and maintain proper nerve function. Pernicious Anemia occurs when pets are unable to absorb sufficient vitamin B12 from their dietary food sources and therefore require intramuscular injections to aid absorption. Follow the links to read common. The micronutrient is required in the body for production of red blood cells. Vitamin B12 deficiency is a cause of megaloblastic anemia, in which red blood cells are larger than normal and the ratio of nucleus size to cell cytoplasm is increased. Pernicious anemia is a type of megaloblastic anemia. Maybe its not the choline. In patients with adequate levels of intrinsic factor, all except approximately 1 mcg is reabsorbed. Deficiency leads to pernicious anaemia when immature red blood cell precursors are released into the bloodstream, and there is degeneration of the spinal cord. Read on to learn more about what causes oily urine and the potential diseases associated with it. Vitamin B12 is water-soluble, released in your urine if you've consumed too much. Trimethylamine has been described as smelling like rotting fish, rotting eggs, garbage, or urine. Hans Reijnen has found the following two types of vitamin B12 to give the best results. irregular heartbeat. However, they are sometimes recommended in rare cases where the deficiency is due to lack of vitamin B12 in the diet. With further time with no diagnosis made, you may get confused; have cognitive impairment, paranoia, delusions, mania, psychosis, memory loss, incontinence when passing urine and loss of taste and smell. Urine is a fluid produced by humans through the kidney, collected in the bladder, and excreted through the genital urethra. 25 to 2000 mcg orally daily. Also, those who suffer from ch. ) Beta carotene is the form of vitamin A that is derived. Affected dogs may show little interest in activities such as playing or going for walks. B12 deficiency can play a role in memory loss, dementia, mood changes, and depression. Additionally, it is a good source of magnesium and calcium. No: B1 and b2 have a strong odor that is not particularly pleasant (and can make your urine have that odor) whereas B12 does not have any odor. Symptoms of too much vitamin B12 Dr Thornber said one of the signs of too much vitamin B12 is urine discolouration. Food Vitamin B12 is naturally present in foods of animal origin, including fish, meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products []. Could you help me please. Vitamin b12 or multivitamins containing b12 can turn the urine a deep yellow or even orange color depending on your hydration status. This pigmentation may also transfer to the skin. It keeps the body's nerves and blood cells healthy and helps make DNA, the genetic. Randy Baker answered. In such cases it may be best for you to change brands. Other signs Dr. Vitamin B12 is a nutrient in the vitamin b complex (i. Water-soluble vitamins are the likely culprits responsible for causing pee to smell different. Speaking of urinary tract. It can lead to heart palpitations, bouts of diarrhoea and even vision loss, according to research. A Test to Measure Vitamin B12. Since there is only one B12 dependent metabolic pathway for the conversion of MMA, the methylmalonic acid urine test is a reliable indicator of a functional B12 deficiency. Vitamin D Toxicity. Keep in mind these vitamins are in most multivitamins. A SIMPLE APPROACH TO A VITAMIN B12 DEFICIENCY : If you have a vitamin B12 deficiency, the approach is simple. 2k views Reviewed >2 years ago Thank. If you have colorless urine yet want a yellow tint, you can take a vitamin B12 capsule. WebMD Symptom Checker helps you find the most common medical conditions indicated by the symptoms Cloudy urine with strong odor, Numbness or tingling, Numbness or tingling and Pain or discomfort and including Peripheral neuropathy, Urinary tract infection (UTI) and Vitamin B12 deficiency. It is also known as cobalamin. My Vitamin D has been low or low normal for years as well (20’s to low 30’s). My blood test revealed extremely low levels for vitamin b12 that seemed unexplainable (intrinsic factor okay, no vegetarian/vegan diet). The decomposition of urine begins in 30 minutes at room temperature and 4 hours in refrigeration. Water soluble Generally lost from body (ex. Vitamin B12, like other B vitamins, is water-soluble, which means that this vitamin is dissolved in water and transferred to the bloodstream. Vit B6 and B12) Excreted via urine Preservation of Vitamins Decreased vitamin content Improper storage Excessive cooking Exposure to light, heat, water, alkalinity. " (A study published in the journal Frontiers in Physiology suggests that in cancer patients with low vitamin levels depleted by chemotherapy, vitamin IV delivery may be beneficial. Urinary methylmalonic acid as an indicator of early vitamin B12 deficiency and its role in polyneuropathy in type 2 diabetes. Blood in Urine & B-12 Deficiency. B12 is a water-soluble vitamin with a key role in the normal functioning of the brain,nervous system and for the formation of blood. They are ordered as follow-up tests when large RBCs and a. , 1997; Zeisel et al. It was once classified in the lily family, like the related Allium species, onions and garlic. Medications change urine color and odor, too. The vitamins available on this Web site don't smell or taste terrible to me or to most people, so you could try those. They can store some but not all vitamins for use when needed. Deficiency leads to pernicious anaemia when immature red blood cell precursors are released into the bloodstream, and there is degeneration of the spinal cord. Metformin Urine Odor - Dexmedica. What destroys vitamin B12? Water, sunlight and alcohol. A distortion in results is only possible here with certain rare hereditary diseases, serious nutritional deficiencies and a rare bacterial overgrowth in the intestinal tract. Animal Feed Additive Vitamin B12 Methylcobalamin Powder , Find Complete Details about Animal Feed Additive Vitamin B12 Methylcobalamin Powder,Methylcobalamin,Methylcobalamin Powder,Vitamin B12 Methylcobalamin from Feed Grade Vitamins Supplier or Manufacturer-Landy Enterprise Limited. It plays a vital role in the metabolism of protein, fats and carbohydrates. Cells characterized by rapid division (e. B12 dosage for cats – oral and B12 shots for cats. Vitamin B12 is required by the body to maintain healthy nerves and red blood cells. Memory loss, forgetfulness, difficulty recalling names or words. @feruze-- Oh yea, that's a normal vitamin B12/methylcobalamin side effect. MOST B vitamins are water soluble, and this is the case with vitamin B2, or riboflavin. B12 allows you to absorb vitamin A, activates iron in the body, supports the nervous system and helps in the formation of red blood cells. If there is an unpleasant medicinal smell in the urine, a vitamin B6 supplement may be to blame. Survival of WBCs is decreased by low osmolality, alkalinity, and lack of refrigeration. If you leave these out, the other vitamins generally are not a problem. A lesser-known (and less poetic) corollary is that urine is a window to your diet and health. Other medical conditions that may cause smelly urine include kidney infection, acute liver failure, kidney stones, ketonuria, prostatitis, etc. Pee may be bright yellow because it’s a water-soluble vitamin. Smelly Urine? - b12 and smelly urine Recently I've noticed that my urine a bad odor, it has I think I have a bladder infection Since I need to urinate often and burns Could it be the cause of my smelly urine? But I've read that the smell of vitamins, your urine I'm taking cod liver oil Vitamins and Minerals It contains Vitamin A, B6 and B12 and C. Mild side effects of diarrhea and swelling can occur. 25 to 2000 mcg orally daily. Vitamin B12 can affect your red blood cell count, and can even lead to neurological symptoms in severe cases. WebMD Symptom Checker helps you find the most common medical conditions indicated by the symptoms change in stools, cloudy urine with strong odor, fatigue and inability to care for self including Dietary changes, Urinary tract infection (UTI), and Depression (Adult). To maintain health, it must be obtained from the diet as choline or as choline phospholipids, like phosphatidylcholine. This serum vitamin B12 blood test was taken the day before the patient’s third administration of chemotherapy (17 July 2012). Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause severe irreversible damage to the brain and nervous system, if the blood levels go down to its lowest limits. This is very normal, and happens to most people on B12. Vitamin B12 is generally well-tolerated, even in doses well above the recommended dietary allowance (RDA), which is 2. not drinking enough fluids. All animals require pantothenic acid in order to synthesize coenzyme A (CoA) – essential for fatty acid metabolism – as well as to in general synthesize and metabolize proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. Introduction. Because it plays an important role in your metabolism, it's also popular for boosting energy levels. We conclude that urinary excretion of vitamin B12 is dependent upon urine volume, but not. Intelligent all round nutrition for women. Vitamin B complex aids with digestion as vitamins B1, B2, B3 and B6 all play a vital role in digestion. Put simply: More doesn't. Highly concentrated urine can have a strong ammonia smell. Most individuals get enough vitamin B12 with a balanced diet. Look for one that contains added B vitamins. Malabsorption syndrome refers to a number of disorders in which nutrients from food are not absorbed properly in the small intestine. Urine— frequent & inconsistent—Mixture of CP 3x or 12x, FP 12x, NM 3x and NS 3x. Click to see full answer. The clinical manifestations of vitamin B12 deficiency (fig 2) Serum/plasma or urine methylmalonic acid Increased (>350 nmol/L) Levels increased in renal insufficiency and older people sleepiness, altered taste and smell, and optic atrophy. Vitamin B12 is absorbed in the body by the food you eat. What suggestions please. You may notice that your pee smells different the day after you’ve eaten asparagus. Consider taking this vitamin twice per day to help keep blood levels optimal. Finally, some patients reported an unpleasant odor. The most common of these include antiepileptic drugs. When a person has too little, they are at risk for heart. not drinking enough fluids. Wellwoman Original. If you are taking a B vitamin complex and suddenly experience. Vitamin B12 can affect your red blood cell count, and can even lead to neurological symptoms in severe cases. puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue. Likewise, which vitamin is excreted in human urine? vitamin C. , nerve) cells healthy. Neither the color change or odor change, if caused by healthy doses of vitamin B, warrant concern. Vitamin B12, also known as Cobalamin or cyanocobalamin, is an essential nutrient involved in the functioning of the body. Taking B-vitamin supplements can lead to urine of this color. Vitamin D 25-Hydroxy. The urine contains wastes that have been filtered from the blood by the kidneys, and the resulting solution is a pale, straw yellow, or amber-colored liquid that comes out of the body through the urethra. Urination is a waste-removal process, and that waste includes ammonia. Vitamin supplements have also been associated with foul-smelling urine, especially B vitamins. All animals require pantothenic acid in order to synthesize coenzyme A (CoA) – essential for fatty acid metabolism – as well as to in general synthesize and metabolize proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. 25 to 2000 mcg orally daily. The patient was found deficient in vitamin B12 on 2 October 2012 (Holo TC 29 pmol/L) which is 3 months after the serum vitamin B12 test conducted on 13 July 2012 (>1476). People with this condition cannot break down trimethylamine, a chemical found in certain foods. B12 must be consumed in the diet. The clinical manifestations of vitamin B12 deficiency (fig 2) Serum/plasma or urine methylmalonic acid Increased (>350 nmol/L) Levels increased in renal insufficiency and older people sleepiness, altered taste and smell, and optic atrophy. Vitamin B12 is converted in to coenzyme B12 in the tissues which is essential for conversion of methyl-malonate to succinate and synthesis of methionine from homocystine. In severe deficiency or advanced stages, a dementia-like ill -. Some of these include: Excessive intake of B12-rich foods and over supplementation. Metformin Urine Odor - Dexmedica. Certain foods and drinks, such as onions, garlic, curry, certain spicy foods, coffee and alcohol, are also prime causes. The full definition is available in the resource instance (see links in "Source Resource" in the table above). What's happening is that urine will turn a bright, sometimes neon, yellow in response to excess riboflavin. An overdose is signaled by dizziness, frequent urination, change in the color of the urine, black stools, constipation, diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, redness of the skin and itching. Choline, present in many multivitamins and B-complex blends, has been associated with a fishy body odor, but only in individuals with a rare metabolic disorder known as trimethylaminuria, who are missing enzymes that normally causes a fishy-smelling compound called trimethylamine to be excreted in urine. They can be stopped if the amount of B12 in the diet increases. The Cyanocobalamin version of B12 is inactive and are the most common ones often seen on store vitamin shelves, but it’s the least absorbable, and still needs to be converted to a more usable version in your body (i. Vitamins tend to dissolve in either fat or water before they are absorbed by the body. While vitamin B-12 deficiency can cause constipation, nerve problems and megaloblastic anemia. If a diagnosis of vitamin B12 deficiency or anaemia is confirmed, treating the condition is relatively straightforward and involves taking regular vitamin B12 supplements in the form of. Possibly: B-vitamins in particular can cause an unusual aroma in the urine. This is very normal, and happens to most people on B12. If your pee is too pale to detect the color, it means you're over-hydrated. For you, the bright yellow color of your urine is almost certainly attributable to excess vitamin B2. , nerve) cells healthy. The phase IV clinical study is created by eHealthMe based on reports of 95,464 people who have side effects when taking Eliquis from the FDA, and is updated regularly. Medications change urine color and odor, too. Vitamin E is a nutrient that's important to vision, reproduction, and the health of your blood, brain and skin. When vitamin B12 is administered in higher doses that saturate the binding capacity of plasma proteins and the liver, the unbound vitamin B12 is eliminated rapidly in the urine. B-6 supplements can also give urine a strong odor. Water, Cranberry juice, and Green tea can dilute urine. It's also the only water-soluble vitamin stored in the liver, as opposed to being excreted in the urine. For example, high doses of niacin (vitamin B3) – more than 2-3 grams per day – is sometimes used to help lower cholesterol, yet can cause nausea, jaundice, and elevated liver enzymes. The decomposition of urine begins in 30 minutes at room temperature and 4 hours in refrigeration. Vitamin B12 Side Effects. WebMD Symptom Checker helps you find the most common medical conditions indicated by the symptoms cloudy urine with strong odor, numbness or tingling (fingers), numbness or tingling (toes) and pain. That means any excess is flushed out through the urine. Additionally, it is a good source of magnesium and calcium. Dr Thornber said one of the signs of too much vitamin B12 is urine discolouration. That smelly urine odor is due to coffee metabolites (a. Mg blood levels stand at 1%, When Mg levels drop in the blood, the body will find a way to replenish this even if it means drawing Mg from the bones/cells. My blood test revealed extremely low levels for vitamin b12 that seemed unexplainable (intrinsic factor okay, no vegetarian/vegan diet). For a long time I identified this smell as diabetic urine. Taking a B12 supplement, vitamin B complex or a multivitamin containing vitamin B12 will often turn urine dark yellow or orange. Vitamin C is an excellent natural remedy for many different health problems. Vitamin B12, like other B vitamins, is water-soluble, which means that this vitamin is dissolved in water and transferred to the bloodstream. The urine may also be stronger in odor. A high vitamin b12 level (>800 pg/mL) often indicates an issue pertaining to the liver or the kidneys. There are a few ways to consume vitamin B12:. A low level indicates high chances of neurological disorder. One of many roles played by vitamin C is to help make collagen, which knits together wounds, supports blood vessel walls, and forms a base for teeth and bones. Those with damage to the pancreas may need to take pancreatic enzymes. Why Vitamin B12 is So Important for Your Health. Urine color. Basically, your body needs this vitamin to stay healthy. Take a bottle and fill it with 1/6 ounce of distilled water. Its name is derived from the Latin carnus or flesh, as the compound was isolated from meat. An overdose is signaled by dizziness, frequent urination, change in the color of the urine, black stools, constipation, diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, redness of the skin and itching. Not only does this give your urine a strange "multivitamin pill" odor, but it can also turn your urine a fluorescent green or greenish-yellow hue. Vitamin B12 helps make red blood cells, Dna, RNA, energy, and tissues, and keeps nervus (i. Serious side effects include muscle weakness, extreme thirst, confusion, shortness of breath, headache, exhaustion, reddening of the skin, and a fast or irregular heartbeat. Vitamin B12 – Cobalamin; Too Much Vitamin B. This water-soluble vitamin is found in certain animal-based foods. Shop online forPet Care, NaturVet items, health and wellness products at discount prices. People with vitamin B-12 deficiency may have a variety of symptoms, including fatigue, nerve problems, and trouble thinking. A number of organic acids directly or indirectly indicate deficiencies of critical vitamins such as vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, biotin, and others. While some cases of blood in your urine can be indicative of serious conditions, such as kidney problems, many instances occur as a result of taking aspirin or prescribed medication or engaging in strenuous exercise. When a B12 deficiency is. While vitamin B-12 deficiency can cause constipation, nerve problems and megaloblastic anemia. B12: Also called cobalamin, this B vitamin is essential for neurological health. You need to see an endocrinologist and get a test for thyroid functions. These are processed by the kidneys and excreted into urine when the body cannot store any more. Vitamin B-12 deficiency is the most common cause of MMA production. The human body can store this vitamin for up to 4 years, and extra this Vitamin through Urine is excreted. Vitamin D, 25-Hydroxy Urine. This pigmentation may also transfer to the skin. Vitamin B12 comes as oral tablets (or capsules), crystalline solution, and intranasal forms with different concentrations or amounts of cobalamin content. Bacteria are the only living organisms to produce vitamin B12. Do increase your daily intake of water to around 8-10 glasses a day and see if the smell decreases. High Ketones in Urine. Also known as riboflavin, this vitamin is naturally yellow and becomes fluorescent when it comes into contact with UV light. Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin. Vitamin supplements are only really necessary when people have deficiencies, and although most times excessive vitamins are excreted in urine. Smelly Urine? - b12 and smelly urine Recently I've noticed that my urine a bad odor, it has I think I have a bladder infection Since I need to urinate often and burns Could it be the cause of my smelly urine? But I've read that the smell of vitamins, your urine I'm taking cod liver oil Vitamins and Minerals It contains Vitamin A, B6 and B12 and C. Similar bright yellow pee caused by the color pigment of riboflavin (vitamin B2), the red discoloration found in B12 urine is from the red pigmentation of hydroxocobalamin. A SIMPLE APPROACH TO A VITAMIN B12 DEFICIENCY : If you have a vitamin B12 deficiency, the approach is simple. MOST B vitamins are water soluble, and this is the case with vitamin B2, or riboflavin. WebMD Symptom Checker helps you find the most common medical conditions indicated by the symptoms change in stools, cloudy urine with strong odor, fatigue and inability to care for self including Dietary changes, Urinary tract infection (UTI), and Depression (Adult). Asparagus does that though. All the information, content and live chat provided on the site is intended to be for informational purposes only, and not a.